Parliament on Tuesday cleared adjustments to the finance Invoice 2021, doubling the minimal restrict of worker contribution to provident fund to over Rs 5 lakh for the aim of taxation with some riders, paving the best way for the itemizing of Life Insurance coverage Company (LIC), exempting Indian-owned property offered on digital platforms from equalization levy, and giving tax holidays for the proposed growth finance establishments (DFIs).
Nonetheless, the worker provident fund (EPF) leisure might profit solely authorities workers who contribute to statutory provident fund and central provident fund, some specialists mentioned.
Now, an worker getting curiosity on his contribution to the EPF or comparable funds of over Rs 5 lakh a yr must pay tax in case there isn’t a contribution from the employer, in accordance with the amendments proposed by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and handed by the Lok Sabha. The Rajya Sabha doesn’t have energy to make adjustments to the Invoice.
Within the Finances offered final month, the finance minister had proposed to tax curiosity earned on EPF contributions of greater than Rs 2.5 lakh yearly. Nonetheless, within the instances the place employers contribute, the restrict will stay Rs 2.5 lakh solely, however the employers’ contribution is not going to be counted.
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“Whereas non-public sector workers incomes curiosity on provident fund on annual contribution exceeding Rs 2.5 lakh could be required to pay tax on curiosity accruing on the surplus contribution, for presidency workers, the financial ceiling might be Rs 5 lakh,” mentioned Neha Malhotra, director at Nangia Andersen LLP.
“Minor aid is being supplied by rising the edge of worker contribution to provident fund to Rs 5,00,000 within the instances the place employers don’t contribute to the PF,” mentioned Gopal Bohra, associate NA Shah Associates.
One of many main adjustments included the amendments to the Life Insurance coverage Company (LIC) Act. It seeks to amend LIC Act, 1956, and introduced provisions in alignment with itemizing and company governance norms underneath the Securities and Alternate Board of India (Sebi). The Finances in February proposed 27 amendments to the Act to assist facilitate the itemizing of the insurance coverage behemoth on the inventory exchanges. By way of this route, the federal government might promote shares in LIC.
The amendments proposed to insert new sections within the LIC Act to supply for disqualifications to be a director, disclosure of curiosity by director and senior administration, related-party transactions and adjudication of penalties for contravention or violation liable to penalty underneath the LIC Act.
The LIC Board will scale back its paid-up fairness capital by giving a discover to members and collectors. It’s going to additionally represent a committee, which shall be headed by a choose of a excessive courtroom, to think about repression on discount, and can submit its recommendations to the board. Additional, nobody aside from the central authorities shall maintain fairness shares in extra of 5 per cent of issued fairness capital of the company.
One other modification introduced in pertains to tax holidays for DFIs. The federal government-owned DFI might be tax exempt for a interval of 10 years, whereas non-public DFIs might be given tax breaks for 5 years. Nonetheless, tax holidays for personal DFIs could possibly be prolonged for 10 years, topic to some situations.
The amendments additionally addressed the considerations over the enlargement of equalisation levy. Digital tax, aimed toward international e-commerce operators, is not going to now apply to items or providers owned and operated by Indians and transacted over an abroad e-commerce platform. Because of this if items or providers listed on a international market are owned or supplied by an Indian resident or Indian everlasting institution of a international entity, they shall be out of the purview of the two per cent equalisation levy.
“…equalisation levy would deal with everyone who is working in India equally. So, if international ecommerce firms pay earnings tax in India, equalisation levy just isn’t relevant to them. Therefore, there isn’t a further burden on any firm,” Sitharaman mentioned.
(With inputs from Indivjal Dhasmana and Sanjay Singh)